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ZODIAC

ZODIAC

Catalog Number: EUF1360
Label: Eufoda
Format: CD

Available: 4
Price: $15.99

ZODIAC

Works of: Guillaume De Machaut (ca. 1300-377), Mahieu De Gant (fl. 1250), Johannes Ciconia (ca. 1370/1375-1412), Thomas Fabri (fl. 1400-1415), Solafe (fl. 1480-1490), Johannes Simon De Haspre (Hasprois, fl. 1378-1428), Adam De La Halle (1240/1250 -1288?), Baude Cordier (fl. 1400-1410), Pierre De Molins (fl. 1350)

Ars Nova and Ars Subtilior in the Low Countries and Europe

Capilla Flamenca
Dirk Snellings, artistic director

Two treatises appearing in France around 1320 provided a name for this age in music, Philippe de Vitry's Ars Nova(New Art) and Ars novae musicae(The Art of the New Music) by Jean de Muris. Modern scholars liked the term Ars Nova so much that they adopted it as a convenient catchphrase denoting 14th-century polyphony; by extension the polyphony of the preceding century (some expand it to include the Notre Dame school) became the Ars Antiqua. More specifically, Ars Nova refers to the music of 14th-century France; the Italian counterpart is dubbed the Trecento.

More than any other medieval musician, Guillaume de Machaut marks the end of one era and the beginning of another. He was the last representative of the trouvère tradition, yet the quintessential learned artist as well. He took holy orders at an early age, though he lived and worked almost entirely in courtly circles: like his most illustrious Ars Nova predecessor, Philippe de Vitry, Machaut was at once poet, composer, canon, and servant of kings. But unlike Vitry, who apparently devoted little time to artistic pursuits during the last 40 years of his life, Machaut miraculously managed to make the most out of all his careers.

Notational advances in the 14th century were but the means to an end: the triumph of polyphony. The principal musical action took place in the two mainstream countries, France and Italy, where old forms were revised and new ones invented to accommodate multipartite music. In France the chief novelties were the isorhythmic motet, the creation of polyphonic mass movements, and the extension of polyphony to such troubadour/ trouvère forms as the ballade, virelai, rondeau, and lai. A new, entirely polyphonic form was devised--the strictly canonic chace. In Italy secularization was even more thorough. The Italians had their own equivalents of the virelai and the chace, the ballata and caccia, and a form all their own, the madrigal. In both countries the harmonic language grew increasingly refined. Towards the end of the century, this was to lead to the ever more complex development of L'Ars Subtilior,of which some of the best-known examples are to be found in the Chantilly Codex.

Capilla Flamenca expertly delivers a stunning recording. A rich spectrum of moods, with the seasons as backdrop, resounds in these fourteenth-century songs, creating a timeless connection of deeply human feelings between the past and present. CD comes with detailed essays on the topic and fully translated libretto of the songs.

Track ListingTimeMP3
Aries / March
1Guillaume De Machaut (ca. 1300-377), Riches d'amour et mendians d'amie5:47
2Mahieu De Gant (fl. 1250), De faire chancon envoisie3:09
Taurus / April
3Johannes Ciconia (ca. 1370/1375-1412), Sus un'fontayne en remirant7:01
Gemini / May
4Thomas Fabri (fl. 1400-1415), Die mey so lieflic wol ghebloit1:28
5Anonymous, Tsinghen van de nachtaele2:02
cancer / June
6Anonymous, Or sus, vous dormes trop, madame joliete3:54
7Maheiu De gant, Mahiu, jugiez1:31
Leo / July
8Solafe (fl. 1480-1490), Joieux de cuer en seumellant estoye2:35
9Anonymous, Isabella2:29
Virgo / August
10Anonymous, Je, Fortune, fay a toulx assavoir1:11
11Mahieu De Gant, Je serf Amors a mon pooir1:31
Libra / September
12Solage, Calextone, qui fut dame terrouse3:37
13Johannes Simon De Haspre (Hasprois, fl. 1378-1428), Puisque je suy fumeux, plains de fumee4:33
Scorpio / October
14Thomas Fabri, Ach, Vlaendre2:49
15Adam De La Halle (1240/1250 -1288?), Adan, d'amour vous demant1:54
Sagittarius / November
16Solage, Le basile de sa propre nature3:22
17Guillaume De Machaut, Quant je sui mis au retour1:27
Capricorn / December
18Baude Cordier (fl. 1400-1410), Tous par compas suy composes2:20
Aquarius / January
19Anonymous, Esperance, ki en mon cuer s'embath4:39
Pisces / February
20Anonymous, Je languis d'amere mort3:38
21Pierre De Molins (fl. 1350), De ce que foul pense souvent remaynt2:29